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Fifa World Cup Legend Cafu Breaks Down Qatar 2022 Group Draw, Ideas Brazil, England And African Nations To Shine South China Morning Post

FILE- Qatari ladies and a man stroll in front of the city skyline in Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2012. The foreign fans descending on Doha for the 2022 FIFA Globe Cup will come across a country exactly where ladies function, hold public office and cruise in their supercars along the city’s palm-lined corniche. The Moroccan midfielder was energetic in midfield and broke up the play effectively. He played at the base of the team’s midfield three and put in a number of tackles that prevented Croatia receiving forward. He was vital in the press and was also great in possession helping the Moroccan group tick. Strangely, he almost missed the start off of the second half as he kept every person waiting coming out the tunnel a minute late with the referee noticing there was just ten men in red on the pitch.

In the end, nonetheless, it nevertheless represents the start off of a four-year wait of the world’s most popular sporting occasion. Poland’s Dawid Kubacki, the winner of Saturday’s competitors, repeated this feat on Sunday, sending the fans at the Adam Małysz hill in Wisła into euphoria. Anže Lanišek from Slovenia came second and Norwegian Marius Lindvik was third. Qatar had to make seven new stadiums in order to host the Globe Cup in addition to the 1 it currently had, incurring a total price of over $150 billion, ten occasions the price incurred by Russia previously. One particular of these, Stadium 974, is created of 974 recyclable shipping containers which will be dismantled and utilised after the occasion, generating it the initially short-term stadium in Planet Cup history. A scheme with regional home owners has also been created, to take foreign fans in and deliver temporary lodging for the event.

That selection by FIFA now looks particularly dubious soon after Russia’s 2022 invasion of Ukraine and subsequent ban from Qatar and other FIFA events. Offered the repressive turn of Brazil under the Bolsonaro regime considering that hosting the 2014 men’s Globe Cup, the subsequent hosts — Canada, Mexico, and the United States — will inherit a tarnished tournament. A return to the US Presidency by Donald Trump in 2024 would further damage its image. Thousands of media and broadcast representatives are anticipated to attend Qatar 2022 – with a significant quantity set to be accredited by the Host Nation.

Qatar 2022 will be only the second Planet Cup to be held in Asia, after the 2002 World Cup was co-hosted by South Korea and Japan. An aerial view of Al Thumama stadium at sunset on June 22, 2022, in Doha, Qatar. Al Thumama stadium is a host venue for the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022 beginning in November.

It is often very good to beat the French,” Betfair ambassador Hoddle mentioned. “The French have been coming 1st and we just pipped them. Regardless of not playing for Germany given that a friendly against France in November 2017, the 30-year-old’s current performances earned him a contact-up to the 2022 Planet Cup in Qatar. He created a full recovery but in no way seemed to be in a position to hit the footballing heights that he accomplished for Germany or Dortmund prior to his illness. The season ahead of the Globe Cup, the midfielder signed for Bayern Munich from their arch-rivals, Borussia Dortmund but later returned to the yellow and black stating he regretted his selection to join the Bavarians.

World Cup

Mancini’s side would subsequently only record one win from their final 3 games which eventually condemned Italy to second place in the group and a play-off location in the tournament. Meanwhile Switzerland secured best spot and an automatic place in Qatar. The Italian national group entered their World Cup qualification campaign in exceptional form by recording 2- victories in all of their opening three games against Northern Ireland, Bulgaria and Lithuania. Remarkably, Croatia’s last 16, quarter-final and semi-finals victories more than Denmark, hosts Russia, and England all went to added time – with Zlatko Dalic’s side winning the first two on penalties. And they have been to come across France blocking their path as soon as once again as they made it to the final – becoming the 13th country to do so – in 2018, losing four-two to Les Bleus. Mario Mandzukic took the dubious honour of becoming the first player to score an own aim in a World Cup final .

The – draw between Uruguay and South Korea on Thursday was the fourth scoreless game of this year’s Globe Cup — already additional than half the tournament record by way of the 1st set of matches. Spanish football professional Guillem Balague was a further to appear on our five live World Cup preview show and he said Spain may struggle to score ambitions, but they have not created a negative get started with seven in their initially match. In the Globe Cup qualifying campaign, Spain’s possession-based brand of football created a comeback, with an average possession of 76 per cent, six wins and 15 targets in eight games.

We have educated a model with thousands of games to estimate how likely every outcome is, primarily based on the two teams and the strength of their metrics. The model reflects the probability of victory, draw and defeat, and even the possible score. For instance, in a hypothetical game involving Brazil and Saudi Arabia, the most probable benefits are 2- and three see this website-, which each and every have 14% probability. Wednesday’s slate of Planet Cup games started off slow, but it picked up in a big way with Japan’s comeback victory more than Germany, followed by Spain’s record-breaking 7- win more than Costa Rica. Wednesday’s match ended in a 2-1 victory for Japan more than the mighty Germans, a nation whose teams have won the Globe Cup a whopping 4 occasions.

Every of the 32 teams will play 3 matches in the group stages before the knockouts start with the round of 16 (pre-quarterfinals) on December three. If the stars align, all that talent and ambition could translate into a round of 16 appearance, possibly even an thrilling trip to the quarterfinals before the inevitable exit at the hands of 1 of the World Cup favorites. The USMNT will not win the entire factor, but watching the team’s stars develop with every single match on the grandest of stages should make for an enjoyable and satisfying encounter nonetheless—even for fans of other countries.

Kim Moon-hwang throws in, and then goes tearing right after South Korea on the run, hunting to pick up a extended ball on the correct, but below pressure, he plays the ball out. Hwang Ui-jo has a superb opportunity accepting a cross on the edge of the box, and makes a hash of it! Argentina get us back underway, with neither team possessing created a alter just before the restart.

As previously noted, this signifies a match-up with Saudi Arabia is attainable. Couple of will overlook their 2006 clash in Munich when a Sami Al-Jaber aim six minutes from time looked to have secured a two-1 win for the Green Falcons, only for Radhi Jaidi to earn a point for the Carthage Eagles in injury time. Moroccan coach Vahid Halilhodzic, meanwhile, may well be a little frustrated that his group is in pot 3 with Japan, the team he led to the 2018 Planet Cup finals just before being sacked two months ahead of the tournament. South American giants Argentina and Brazil would bring an obvious sense of glamour, as nicely as international superstars such as Lionel Messi or Neymar. Meanwhile the possibility for revenge against Spain for a 4- defeat through the 2006 finals would surely go down properly, as would the likelihood to face Portuguese hero Cristiano Ronaldo in what will surely be his last Planet Cup appearance. Becoming drawn against England would outcome in the Saudis becoming discussed in the international media like under no circumstances ahead of.

I’m Quite Impressed Emotional Unshaven European Elderly Retired Man Wearing Glasses And Bow Tie

Ireland formed a separate but subordinate state, the Kingdom of Ireland, involving 1534 and 1800. All of Ireland was united to Great Britain to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland among 1801 and 1922. The Royal Navy recruited heavily in Ireland through this period, which includes utilizing via impressment. Impressment was also prevalent in the course of the Napoleonic wars, though poverty in Ireland made sure that volunteers were commonly offered.

“But one particular factor I learned is that we had the quantity one particular ranking and points had been going really effectively but you can be guilty as men and women of thinking, ‘oh, we’ve got it now, if we just retain exactly where we are we’ll do well’. Farrell has told his players this week to embrace that status this time, to use it as a weapon – the opposite of what happened when they ended 2018 as the world’s best team. Andy Farrell has had good news with injuries this week, but will want his dynamic flanker prepared to go against the Springboks. “It is sort of a strange, funny feeling to get an person award,” smiled the 29-year-old.

I am pleased to say that you sold our property in a considerably short period of time and we are additional than pleased to advise you and your organization to our buddies in the future. Dealing with Thoraya, who had patiently waited till we had been prepared to sell, just touching base each so often, was a delight. She was warm, friendly, had terrific expertise of the industry place and kept us informed all of the time through the course of action when we decided to sell. Thoraya was quite specialist and useful throughout our house hunt and later a acquire in the course of the difficult covid occasions.

If I set my table with mismatched plates, reused jars for drinking glasses, and different types of flatware that I’ve identified and are incredibly functional, I wonder if people feel welcomed. Therefore, I will suggest that delight in your personal life and reside as you wish to reside your life. I enjoy this report.Life isn’t mean to remain in a single spot.It should be as bird.This world is just like heaven for us if we recognize our necessity of getting prescence. Sign up beneath and we’ll provide new articles straight to your inbox.

For example, if you mention you use a particular percentage of your proceeds to enable the neighborhood, you could use a photo of you undertaking a community project. Right here are our best realtor bio tips to make certain individuals read your bio to the finish. In the end, you are going to want to convey what you offer you customers that your competitors do not. Steer clear of emphasizing abstract statements like “I supply good consumer service” due to the fact any person can claim it. It aids to have an agent who knows the neighborhood location and is familiar with the ebbs and flows of its market place. For this purpose, individuals with a background in the regional region should really convey it in their bio.

In addition to the Wi-Fi issues noted above, I identified that at complete speed, I necessary to use more infill. Without it, there would be gaps in some areas that the filament could not fill in quickly sufficient. But new technologies demands new considering, so I am sure I can tweak it to make even far better benefits.

One particular wants to realize that everybody is exclusive and have their personal set of qualities and traits and as a result need to have to boost one’s persona accordingly. But still there are handful of fundamental items which an person should know and this article enlists the most important personality development traits which should really not be overlooked. Shortly following assuming the job vacated by Keith Glennan, Webb chose to continue the exact same standard organization that his predecessor had adopted for the choice of science programs. The system also encouraged university presidents and vice presidents to actively participate in NASA’s Space Science System and to publicly assistance all of NASA’s applications. It shows that she’s from a loved ones of actual estate agents, which suggests she gets guidance from seasoned people.

Literary works contain a variety of human emotion and historical, cultural background. It is really important to comprehend sound recognition and receptions represented in numerous literary operates. This study aims to investigate the sound impression on ancient Korean Sijo involved different regular korean emotion, which were expressed in distinct conditions.

Keep your mobile in your handbag and out of sight anytime you’re engaging a different individual in conversation. Every single time you check your screen, you are essentially telling the other particular person you have some thing you’d rather be undertaking than chatting. There’s a cause your mom usually told you to say please and thank you politeness simply makes you a a lot more likable individual, and will leave a excellent impression. Beyond the standard please, thank you, and excuse me, there are a few etiquette guidelines the contemporary lady demands to know. When Dr. Seuss produced Green Eggs & Ham, he was trying to win a bet that he could create a book though restricting himself to just 50 diverse words. Take a page out of this very best-seller and place some limitations on your self to force your mind out of its comfort zone.

Howe’s side have now taken points off Spurs, Man City and Man United during the course of this season. They have been also unfortunate to not choose up something from their trip to Liverpool as Fabio Carvalho’s 98th minute winner denied them a point. Eddie Howe’s side have only lost one particular of their opening 12 Premier League matches and they at present boast the finest defensive record in the league. The Wolves will have the likelihood to avenge this loss when the two teams meet once more in a couple of days. “You don’t make excuses but they kept fronting and I can live with that. There have been brilliant performances by specific folks, loads still to function on, but I in fact feel the boat is facing north now. I am really satisfied with that.”

This is the reason why English is the second language discovered by most of the folks. Though dairy gets a great deal of the credit for boosting bone well being, many other foods, including onions, may aid assistance strong bones. Furthermore, proof from animal research supports that onion consumption may possibly decrease danger elements for heart disease, including inflammation, high triglyceride levels and blood clot formation . A study in 70 overweight people today with high blood pressure located that a dose of 162 mg per day of quercetin-rich onion extract considerably lowered systolic blood pressure by 3–6 mmHg compared to a placebo . Quercetin is a flavonoid antioxidant that’s hugely concentrated in onions. Given that it is a potent anti-inflammatory, it may help lower heart disease threat factors, such as higher blood pressure.

Even so, some people claim to be in a position to recall memories in extreme detail. If you are wondering how you might be in a position to create this type of memory, it may not be doable. Having said that, you can do your ideal to continue mastering and develop a mnemonic device to support you try to remember items. Language finding out may also be a useful thought to take into account.

Netherlands Financial Research

The elections, which sent the Netherlands into a period of political chaos, were concluded with Peter Balkenede becoming prime minister in July 2002. In 1648 the independence of the Netherlands was recognized by the Treaty of Westphalia. The Netherlands became recognized for its religious tolerance and eventually became a refuge for the persecuted and a residence for lots of migrants. The number of initial generation immigrants from outside the Netherlands in Amsterdam was nearly 50 percent in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The Netherlands also hosted religious refugees, such as Huguenots from France and Pilgrims from England. Because the Netherlands had ceded from Spain more than religious issues, it practiced tolerance toward individuals of diverse religions and opened its borders for religious dissenters.

This Japanese illustrator has the touch of a mid-century master, making a planet of goatee sporting beatniks and cocktail swizzling cool guys brought up to the modern age. The ministry’s announcement came on Wednesday just after Dutch media reported that the Chinese posts in Amsterdam and Rotterdam purported to present diplomatic assistance but that they had not been declared to the Netherlands’ government. The Dutch foreign ministry is investigating reports that China has set up two illegal police stations in the Netherlands, which it utilizes to harass dissidents. The diaeresis is applied to mark vowels that are pronounced separately. In the most recent spelling reform, a hyphen has replaced the diaeresis in compound words (i.e., if the vowels originate from separate words, not from prefixes or suffixes), e.g. zeeëend is now spelled zee-eend.

In the future, shoppers expect a enterprise to be far more accessible, which means the possibilities will continue to extend to digital communication. If you have a talent inside this sector, the Netherlands offers ample possibilities in the type of each compact projects and huge corporations. The Netherlands is losing its position in the essential bodies that collectively shape the worldwide financial architecture. In EU policymaking prior to Brexit, the Dutch tended to agree with the UK position in principle, but eventually stick to the German position in practice. After all, as a compact but internationally substantial export economy, the Dutch have a substantial interest in a sound international economic and legal architecture. It has been estimated that beneath a merely regional trade treaty, the Netherlands would have been 7.7% poorer under the WTO regime, this would figure would rise to 9.three%.

The calling code is +31 and the UTC i.e. standard time followed in Netherlands is UTC +two hours. On 16th of August, 1949 the exact color strictures had been demarcated by the Ministry of the Navy as bright vermilion , white and cobalt blue. The pennant is normally added on King’s Day and other festive instances connected to the Royal Loved ones.

By the time the Dutch colony was seized by the British in 1806, it had grown into an established settlement with 25,000 slaves, 20,000 white colonists, 15,000 Khoisan, and 1,000 freed black slaves. Outside Cape Town and the immediate hinterland, isolated black and white pastoralists populated the country. The Catholics in the Netherlands have been an outlawed minority that had been suppressed by the Calvinists.

Mainly in how unaffected it was compared to how other Germanic languages evolved. Locate out how Old and Middle Dutch examine to the language it is now. In truth, its similarity to English makes it one of the easiest foreign languages to study. Many Dutch words are related to English ones as each languages come from the identical old Germanic root especially names for everyday issues like fruits and vegetables or colours, e.g.

Hence the Dutch were a model of economic efficiency with apparent lessons for British policy. Conflict erupted in the 16th century as Spain wielded its imperial energy to suppress the rise of Protestantism in the northern provinces. Allying with the Catholic provinces to the south, Holland revolted against the Spanish and declared independence in 1588. A period of economic prosperity and cultural flowering ensued in the 17th century now recognised as Holland’s golden age. Throughout this period, the nation became a colonial energy in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and South America when the settlement of New Amsterdam in 1625 established a beachhead in North America.

The student-friendly cities of Utrecht and Maastricht present a likelihood to study in English in the heart of Europe. Discover a cultural treasure trove of events, museums, and cozy cafés. In the south, Euro-eclectic Maastricht is an international hub for trade, education, and travel with its French, German, and Flemish influences. Located just a brief train ride from Amsterdam, Utrecht attracts a huge student population and lots of guests with its picturesque streets, tree-lined canals, and medieval charm. With an revolutionary academic atmosphere, Dutch universities will satisfy a students’ breadth of interests or focus on company, atmosphere, or healthcare sciences. In addition to Dutch, several regional languages and dialects are spoken.

The formation of a new cabinet took three months, resulting in a coalition of CDA, PvdA, and Christian Union. In the 18th century, even though the Dutch Reformed Church was the state religion, Catholicism, other types of Protestantism, such as Baptists and Lutherans, as effectively as Judaism had been tolerated but discriminated against. The executive power is formed by the Council of Ministers, the deliberative organ of the Dutch cabinet. The cabinet usually consists of 13 to 16 ministers and a varying quantity of state secretaries.

Eisinga thought he can make his planetarium inside six months but it took a total of seven years before it was completed. King William I of the Netherlands purchased the orrery for the Dutch state in 1818. A radical transformation in attitudes to water high quality was triggered by an event that took place in 1986. Following a fierce fire at Sandoz chemical substances factory in Basel, Switzerland, some twenty tonnes of pesticides became mixed with the water employed to extinguish the fire and ended up in the Rhine. The toxic chemicals sowed death amongst fish for several hundreds of kilometres downstream. This was the era in which environmental activism came of age, with mussel farmers in uproar and nature conservationists staging furious protests against the closure of the Eastern Scheldt.

There is no dialect continuum involving the Frisian and adjoining Low Saxon. Limburgish and Low Saxon have been elevated by the Netherlands to the legal status of streektaal according to the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, which causes some native speakers to take into account them separate languages. Some dialects are unintelligible to some speakers of Standard Dutch. Zealandic of most of Zeeland is a transitional regional language in between West Flemish and Hollandic, with the exception of the eastern component of Zealandic Flanders exactly where East Flemish is spoken.

If a particular person decides not to carry out an insurance coverage coverage, the particular person may well be fined. Insurers have to supply a universal package for absolutely everyone over the age of 18 years, regardless of age or state of overall health – it’s illegal to refuse an application or impose special conditions. In contrast to many other European systems, the Dutch government is accountable for the accessibility and good quality of the healthcare method in the Netherlands, but not in charge of its management.

If the player wishes, Dutch, Arthur and Hosea can then go fishing. Later, Sheriff Gray decides to make Arthur, Dutch, and Bill deputies in order to crack down on an illegal moonshine operation funded by the Braithwaites. With the help of Archibald, the 3 gang members succeed in destroying the moonshine operation, earning favor with the Sheriff. Sometime later, right after considerable persuasion from Micah, Dutch decides to attend a “truce” meeting with Colm O’Driscoll. The supposed truce meeting ultimately ceravilla.com turns out to be a trap to catch Arthur, even so, with the intention of luring in Dutch to capture him and give him to the Pinkertons. Arthur is captured and badly injured whilst in captivity, but manages to escape.

Well-known Diamonds Galeries Du Diamant

There had been no purchasers and the stone was offered to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. La Favored weighs 50.15 carats, it really is a White D colour and Emerald shape diamond. The La Favorite, a 50.15 carats D-colour, VVS-two clarity, with the potential for getting flawless if it were to be slightly recut. This diamond was purchased by Laurence Graff for $3,636,000 in April, 2001, at Christies Auction Home, New York.

Nevertheless, in reality nearly no gem-sized natural diamonds are completely best. The colour of a diamond may be affected by chemical impurities and/or structural defects in the crystal lattice. Depending on the hue and intensity of a diamond’s coloration, a diamond’s colour can either detract from or enhance its worth.

Following wars in the 1500s, it in the end fell into the hands of the Sultan Babur, and for the next 200 years the 186-carat diamond was one particular of the precious jewels of the Mogul Emperors. It was believed to have after been set as a single of the peacock’s eyes in the renowned peacock throne of Shah Jehan, who reigned in the early 1650s. In 1739, Nadir Shah, who constructed Persia into a major energy, invaded Delhi. He obtained the Koh-I-Noor – along with the sumptuous Peacock Throne – from the vanquished Indian Emperor Mohammed Shah. Allegedly, when his pillage of Delhi failed to uncover the enormous stone, he was told by 1 of the harem females that the conquered Mogul emperor had hidden it inside his turban. Following the feast, he unrolled the turban and released the wonderful gem.

The kimberlite pipes form from intrusions of magma into the Earth’s crust and deliver diamonds and other rocks and minerals from the mantle. The pipes themselves are typically less than 100 million years old. Even so, the diamonds they carry had been formed 1 to 3.three billion years ago at depths of additional than about 75 miles . Diamonds found in alluvial and glacial gravels have to have been released by fluvial or glacial erosion of the kimberlite matrix and then redeposited in rivers or in glacial till.

It made its way to the United States in 1910 when it was bought by Pierre Cartier. Legend has it that Cartier utilized the diamond’s mysterious reputation to entice Evalyn Walsh McLean into purchasing the gem. The Lesedi La Rona Diamond (Photograph by Donald Bowers/Getty Pictures)As new diamonds continue to be mined and old ones continue to be discovered, I’m excited to see exactly where the diamond sector goes subsequent. The planet is frequently changing, but one particular continual all through all of the turmoil and transformation is the significance and value of diamonds. They transcend economic highs and lows, currency fluctuations, deprecation, and generational culture shifts. Their strength, beauty, and durability are unparalleled by any other all-natural substance on Earth.

The Pink Star is the biggest identified diamond having been rated Vivid Pink. As a result of this exceptional rarity, the Steinmetz Group took a cautious 20 months to reduce the Pink. It was unveiled in Monaco on 29 May perhaps 2003 in a public ceremony.

In truth, lab diamonds even have inclusions just like natural diamonds do. Inclusions are internal marks or birthmarks and there are numerous distinct kinds such as bearding, clouds, feathers, pinpoints and other people. With the advent of lab-developed diamonds, shoppers are now being told by some that lab diamonds are a adequate alternative to natural diamonds. I am concerned that lots of shoppers are becoming left in the dark and uninformed — or, in some instances, misinformed — about their differences.

Financing decreased simply because of reduce trading levels and a larger reliance on self-financing. Larger midstream firms with transparent operations continued to access financing from major banks, whilst option financing possibilities (peer-to-peer financing) emerged for smaller players. Massive midstream corporations, banks in the Middle East, and specialized funds had been made offered to deliver more financing in the sector. Deleveraging is expected to speed up restructuring and consolidation of the midstream and to create extended-term benefits across the pipeline. Bookmark content material that interests you and it will be saved here for you to read or share later.

The present sets are precious due to the fact they are cut from natural rock crystal quartz, citrine, amethyst and smoky quartz. The “diamonds”, thus, have the color and luster of a natural gem. The truth that natural stones were applied, combined with the precision of Idar-Oberstein cutting, this collection represents the very sneak a peek at this web-site. best obtainable replicas of all great diamonds. Hope diamond – The most effective recognized of the gems of this popular collection. The stone is in all probability the bigger portion of one particular bought by Tavernier and sold to Louis XIV in 1668.

As William Goldberg was shaping the stone, the diamond’s vivid blue colour and fiery character reminded him of somebody close to his heart, his wife, Lili. Its intense colour, remarkable size and gorgeous reduce make the Blue Lili a single of the rarest blue diamonds in history. William Goldberg is synonymous with the most renowned gemstones in history. Lengthy known for its unparalleled requirements of excellence, the firm’s master craftsmen have cut some of the world’s most breathtaking gems. Founder William Goldberg was fond of saying, “You shouldn’t cheat a diamond of its ideal to be stunning.” These popular, outstanding diamonds are a stunning testament to his vision. Anyway, the Koh-I-Noor is an oval cut stone weighing 105 carats.

Retiring from the feast, he unrolled the turban and released the good gem. The gem went back to Persia with Nadir Shah, but he was assassinated in 1747 and the diamond was fought more than by his successors. It was in the jewel chamber of Lahore, capital of Punjab, but when that state was annexed to British India in 1849, the East India Enterprise took it as a partial indemnity for the Sikh Wars. The KOH-I-NOOR was presented to Queen Victoria in 1850 to mark the 250th anniversary of the founding of the East India Organization.

Some say that the Koh-i-noor was initially found far more than 5000 years ago, and is talked about in ancient Sanskrit writings. Devout Hindus claim that it was after worn by the good god Krishna, but was stolen from him as he lay sleeping. By contrast, another source has it that the diamond was discovered in a river bed in 3200 BC. The initially reliable evidence of it, nevertheless, is in the writings of Babur, the founder of the Mogul Empire, who names this diamond as component of the treasure won by Ala-ud-deen at the conquest of Malwah in 1304 AD. King Edward referred to as it “The Excellent Star of Africa” and ordered it to be set in the British Imperial Scepter, which had to be redesigned to accommodate it. It is named just after Dresden, the capital of Saxony, Germany exactly where it has been on display for most of the last two centuries.

In 1866 a shepherd boy identified a little, shiny stone on the south bank of the Orange River close to Hopetown. The pebble was kept for a though by a 15-year-old boy named Erasmus Jacobs, who later gave it to his neighbour, farmer Schalk van Niekerk, a collector of uncommon stones. Heating the stone may in some cases improve the color but care should be taken to hold the temperature beneath 600°C, since at this temperature the green colour is probably to turn to a light yellow or brown.